Norway has a lot to offer. However, to be able to take full advantage of its riches, it is good to invest in learning the Viking language. Norwegians appreciate it if foreigners speak their language, and although in Norway most of the inhabitants know English, they definitely prefer to communicate in their mother tongue. So, let’s go!
|Population:||5 328 802|
|Population density:||17 people / km²|
|Official language:||Norwegian (Bokmål / Nynorsk)|
|Currency:||1 Norwegian krone = 100 öre, 1 NOK = 0.43 PLN|
|Largest cities:||Oslo (approx. 500,000 inhabitants), Bergen, Trondheim|
|Political system:||parliamentary monarchy|
|National holiday:||Constitution Day May 17 (1814)|
|Ethnic composition:||Norwegians – 87%, others – 13% (Poles – 1.82%, Pakistanis, Swedes, Somalis, Iraqis)|
|Religion:||Norwegian Church – 75%, other Protestants and Catholics – 3%, others – 1%|
Norway is at the same latitude as Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia, but the Scandinavian climate is much milder compared to them. This is due to the Gulf Stream, which carries warm waters from the Gulf of Mexico to the Norwegian Sea. Southern and central Norway is located in the maritime temperate zone, and the northern one (beyond the Arctic Circle) has a temperate, cool maritime climate bordering the subpolar on the northern coasts. North of the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set in summer (polar day), and in winter, daylight is very limited (polar night).
Norwegian nature is associated primarily with mighty fjords. Norway’s coastline is over 20,000 km long and is extremely diverse. It is accompanied by around 50,000 offshore islands, of which only around 5,000 are inhabited. In this country, however, apart from the fjords, we can also find the majestic Scandinavian Mountains, centuries-old glaciers, beautiful lakes and areas of forests still untamed by people. Norwegians respect nature very much and therefore are able to combine modern technological solutions with care for nature in an unusual way. Norway is also a country of moose, salmon, bears, and reindeer.
Standard of living
Norway is a country not only beautiful, delighting with its unspoiled nature, but also offering a very high standard of living. It is a welfare state and one of the richest in the world. The Norwegian population is distinguished by a very good health condition and an extremely low infant mortality rate. Nearly 100% of the society has mastered the ability to read and write and almost all have secondary education. Norway does not suffer from gross poverty and the relative poverty levels are low compared to other countries. Although Norway is not a member of the European Union, it is part of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which brings together a group of countries that care about the highest possible level of economic growth and living standards for their citizens.
Norway’s GDP per capita is very high and its wealth is relatively evenly distributed over the population. There is a high degree of equality in all social groups. Norway is a highly developed and industrialized country with an open, export-oriented economy. In addition, it ranks at the top of the rankings for living standards, life expectancy, general health, and housing conditions.